The document I found first gives definitions of the different words like bibliography and annotated. It says that a bibliography is a list of sources that the writer has comprised for his/her research. It also says that an annotation is a summery/evaluation. Then says that an annotated bibliography is a bibliography combined with annotations. Then it goes on to explain the different types of annotations that can be done depending on the style of formatting you are using. Then it goes on to answer on why researchers should write an annotated bibliography. it goes on to say that it will help the writer in the future when he/she goes to write the actual paper and help other researchers understand what the writers paper is about. It ends with the format of the annotated bibliography. Saying that if it is for a class that students should ask for specific guidelines for the formatting and annotations.
Bisignani, Dana and Allen Brizee. “Annotated Bibliographies.” Purdue Online Writing Lab. 1995-2010. 17 February 2010. <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/614/01/>
1. An annotated bibliography can help me write my introduction and lit review because I can put whatever I like in my annotated bibliography then use it in my writings later or just to help me get motivated to write.
2. I know when a source is reliable and stuff like that, is when its out of a journal that publishes refereed articles. Refereed meaning that plenty of other people like professors, editors, and etc have read the article and have gave the author an honest review of there work. The authors work has been edited many times and read many times to make sure the work is almost perfect.
My Annotated Bibliography
Anderson, Jane M. “Ankylosing Spondylitis: Inflammatory Arthritis of the Spine with Strong Genetic Component. (Cover story).” Journal of Controversial Medical Claims 16.4 (2009): 1-13. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 18 Feb. 2010. <http://navigator-iup.passhe.edu>
“The article looks at the swelling of the joints in the spine as a result of genetic aspects of a person. Data related to the issue of the commonness of ankylosing spondylitis and related diseases known as spondyloarthritis (SpA) show that they concern males frequently than the females. It is inferred that the disorder can be detected early on if there are identification of genes and photographic images of joints in the spinal column that comprises the pelvis and hip bone. Various methods of administering the treatment of the disease are published.”
Chance, Randi s. “TO LOVE AND BE LOVED: SEXUALITY AND PEOPLE WITH PHYSICAL DISABILITIES.” Journal of Psychology & Theology 30.3 (2002): 195. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 18 Feb. 2010. <http://navigator-iup.passhe.edu>
“People with physical disabilities are stereotyped as asexual, as lacking the same sexual and relationship needs and desires as nondisabled people. Yet people with disabilities are human beings, created in the image of God, and thus are sexual beings with the same capacity to love and be loved as any other human. In this article, the author discusses the sexuality and heterosexual experiences of adults with various physical disabilities. She explores possible effects of disabilities on sexual self-concept, romantic relationships, and sexual activities as well as describes some practical steps that can be taken to remedy specific difficulties. The author also briefly relates some personal experiences as a woman with chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia who is married to a man with cerebral palsy. Implications for clinical practice are discussed. The author encourages psychotherapists to prepare themselves to respond intelligently and comfortably to the sexual questions and issues raised by their physically disabled clients, regardless of the presenting problem.”
Leonardi, Matilde, et al. “The relationship between health, disability and quality of life in Myasthenia Gravis: results from an Italian study.” Journal of Neurology 257.1 (2010): 98-102. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 18 Feb. 2010. <http://navigator-iup.passhe.edu>
“Myasthenia gravis (MG) produces long term disability and affects health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This paper reports the relationship between HRQoL and disability in a group of patients with MG. Adult patients with MG were consecutively enrolled at the Neurological Institute “Carlo Besta”. The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHO-DAS II) and the Medical Outcome Survey 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) were employed, and non-parametric analysis (Spearman’s rank correlation and Mann–Whitney U test) performed. One hundred and two consecutive adult patients with MG (70 female; mean age 47.2, sd 15.7) were recruited. The majority of WHO-DAS II and SF-36 scales were significantly correlated; WHO-DAS II summary score correlated better with SF-36 Physical Composite Score (PCS), than with mental composite score (MCS). Significant differences are also reported between patients with different muscle involvement in PCS and WHO-DAS II scores, while no difference was observed in MCS. The impact of MG on disability and HRQoL increases consistently with the disease’s severity. Our study highlights that measurements of HRQoL and disability in patients with MG are correlated and sensitive enough to capture different clinical profiles’ features. They measure different clinical and psychosocial facets, therefore we recommend employing specific assessments both for quality of life and disability in public health and clinical research on myasthenia gravis.”
“Myasthenia gravis.” Mayo Clinic Health Letter 25.3 (2007): 6. Health Source – Consumer Edition. EBSCO. Web. 18 Feb. 2010. <http://navigator-iup.passhe.edu>
This source was helpful for me because it talks about Myasthenia Gravis and thats all it talks about. It addresses treatments and diagnoses of the disease. The article starts off with asking about someone noticing there one eyelid dropping then going to the doctor and the doctor testing for Myasthenia Gravis. It states that Myasthenia Gravis means “grave muscle weakness”. It goes on to say that the disease could affect the persons shallowing, chewing and doing simple tasks. It also explains that the neurotransmitters in the brain are lost which is why the person has troubles with muscle control.” Signs and symptoms may include:
- Facial muscle weakness, including
- drooping eyelids (ptosis),
- difficulty closing your eyes
- Blurred or double vision
- Difficulty chewing, swallowing, talking or breathing
- Fatigue with repeated movement
- Weakness in arms or legs
- Forward drooping of the head
Rarely, the disorder affects diaphragm and rib cage muscles that are important for breathing and may be fatal if infection, fever or a medication
reaction is also involved. Seek medical care if your symptoms
are severe or progress rapidly.”
“If myasthenia gravis is suspected, in addition to a neurological exam, tests your doctor may order include a blood test to check for
abnormal antibodies, which are present in the majority of people with the disorder. You may also have an electromyogram (EMG) to test the connection between the nerves and muscles and possibly to evaluate the electrical activity of the muscle.” Then it goes on to talk about treatments. Treatments include medications, surgery to remove the thymus, Plasmapheresi, and Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIC). “Plasmapheresis — This therapy may be used in life-threatening circumstances. Blood is removed from the body, filtered by a machine to remove antibodies and then returned to the body.” It ends with that most people have the disease most of there of life and that in some cases the disease goes into remission but they don’t do die from it.
Nazem, Fattah, et al. “Effects of Father’s Education on their Emotional Relationship with Children.” International Journal of Learning 16.6 (2009): 401-413. Education Research Complete. EBSCO. Web. 18 Feb. 2010. <http://navigator-iup.passhe.edu>
“Children believe fathers as a symbol of dominancy and supporter of family. Since fathers act as a moderator between outside world and family, importance role of fathers in formation of moral preciousness and child merit is undeniable. Hereof for fathers, personality, education, stance, job and etc. are parameters influence on children’s future behavior.” The article goes on to say that family is also an important educator to children. That family interaction is key to the child’s personality and other things like that. “To fulfillment of this study, designed questions in questionnaires, cover 4 hypothesize of research .These hypothesize consist of:
Hypothesis No.1: Educated fathers could guide their children in correct making decision.
Hypothesis No.2: There is relationship between the educational level of fathers and guiding the children in adolescence crisis and sexual problems.
Hypothesis No.3: There is relationship between the educational level of fathers andhaving an equal behavior among the children by considering individual differences.
Hypothesis No.4: There is relationship between the education level of fathers and pay attention to children friend selection.
After completing and gathering questionnaire, we have these results:
In hypothesis number 1, the education level of fathers investigated and t-student examination has been suggested for correct decision making by children. Table 1 shows results of super-imposing data of questionnaire and the issue related to response of children for making decision in family group.
As an assumption for each answer (Yes, Somewhat, No) appropriate weight (3, 2, 1) is devoted to choices answered by children. These weights are multiplied by number of each choice and the result with Average symbol shows questionnaire mean. Absolutely, difference of two groups (educational levels) should be considered separately and for each member similar way should be exerted. In relation with hypothesis number2, Figure 3 shows results of questionnaire and entitled Maturity crisis. Like 1st hypothesis, similar results obtained in this figure. In hypothesis number 2, between the education level of fathers and guiding the children in adolescence crisis and sexual problems, there is meaningful relationship by results in statistical method t-student for independent groups. In hypothesis Number 3, answers of children and fathers to Equal behavior part of questionnaire, are considered. Similarly, results show positive relationship between the educational level of fathers and presenting equal behavior for all the children, figure 4. Finally can be said that, family has a hierarchically system. Parents are at the top of this pyramid and children placed at the lower level. About parents’ level, father placed in higher position, in apex of the pyramid, and normally mothers assigned in the lower position in comparison to fathers. Mothers placed in center on family organization and in other words, they are manager of family group. Obviously each agent should rely on his or her own axis and whenever he or she wants to survive, must firm on especial restrain. Consequentially, axial or managerial role of mothers rely on mothers.”
Raggi, Alberto, et al. “Concordance between severity of disease, disability and health-related quality of life in Myasthenia gravis.” Neurological Sciences 31.1 (2010): 41-45. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 18 Feb. 2010. <http://navigator-iup.passhe.edu>
“Aim of this study is to verify whether there is concordance between disease’s severity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and disability in patients with Myasthenia gravis (MG). 102 MG patients were clustered on the basis of HRQoL and disability scores into three groups: low disability and low HRQoL decrement (51 patients), intermediate disability and HRQoL decrement (28 patients), severe disability and high HRQoL decrement (23 patients). Cross tabulation with symmetric measures (Cramer’s V and Contingency Coefficient) was used to verify the relationships between disease severity groups, based on the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) criteria, and obtained clusters. Results confirm a significant relationship between MG severity groups, HRQoL and disability profiles. In our opinion, HRQoL and disability instruments should be employed in clinical trials to match efficacy of treatments, measured on symptoms’ reductions only, with their effects on patients’ disability and HRQoL.”
“Spondyloarthritis.” Current Medical Literature: Rheumatology 28.4 (2009): 93-97. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 18 Feb. 2010. <http://navigator-iup.passhe.edu>
“The article presents abstracts on spondyloarthritis which include the evaluation of the diagnostic utility of spinal magnetic resonance imaging in axial spondylarthritis, the concentration of infliximab and the response to treatment in ankylosing spondylitis and the effectiveness of adalimumab for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis.”